Archival Photograph Project Description

During June of 1995 archaeological photographer Aaron Levin used a large format camera (4"x5" negatives) to create archival quality black-and-white photographs of the buildings in the forum. His work concentrates mainly on the east side of the forum in order to fully document the Macellum, the Imperial Cult Building, the Sanctuary of the Genius of Augustus, and the Eumachia Building. Other views are also present among the 205 photographs that follow. The photographs themselves are printed at 8"x10."

One of the current tasks of the Pompeii Forum Project is to present these photographs on the World Wide Web. This required that the photographs be arranged in a logical sequence, scanned, and saved in digital form. This has been accomplished. Captions are now being written and plans with camera icons are being prepared. These two methods of accessing the images are discussed below. This work is in progress and allows the user to consult a portion of the photographs.

For archival purposes scanned images are saved as large tif files (ca. 6.4 MB). Those presented here are much smaller gif images (99K to about 200K). Some of the border is left on the images in order to create the impression of an actual photograph on the screen.

There are two methods of gaining access to the the photographs. The first is by means of a caption list. The second method is by means of a series of plans containing camera icons and photograph numbers. The camera icons indicate the camera position for each photograph.

Captions for Levin Photographs-1995

Directions indicate the angle from which the photographs are taken and are recorded as if the main axis of the forum were exactly north-south. The following abbreviations are used:

n. north

n.e.  northeast

s.  south

s.e.  southeast

e.  east

s.w.  southwest

w.  west

n.w.  northwest
Note On Meter Sticks

One or two meter sticks appear in many photographs; see example no. 71. The shorter one, consisting of five alternating black-and-white 0.20 m. zones measures 1.00 m. The longer one is 2.00 m. in length: the two large black-and-white zones are 0.50 m. each; the five smaller zones measure 0.20 m. each.

Numbering System for "Rooms," Walls, and Doors

The accompanying plan provides the numbering system employed for all rooms and spaces in region VII, insula 9. The conventional system of numbers for region, insula, and door does not designate spaces within or between buildings. The system adopted here retains the region and insula number, but replaces the door number with a number for every space within the insula. Numbering begins at the northwestern corner of the insula and proceeds left to right within individual buildings, to the extent that their boundaries can be identified. Thus each space has a tripartite number whose first two elements are those of the conventional system. For example, the shrine within the Macellum is VII.9.37. As all of the spaces under discussion belong to region VII, insula 9, only the third element in the numbering system is employed here.

A shorthand system of designating walls uses the letter W and the numbered space on each side of the wall in question. The first number indicates the side of the wall being discussed, when that is an issue. For example, among the north shops of the Macellum, W7.8 refers to the wall between shop 7 and entrance 8 with particular attention to the side within shop 7. When seen from the opposite side, the same wall is W8.7. Similarly, D refers to a door; d would refer to a blocked door. Thus D112.115 is the door between 112 and 115 in the Sanctuary of the Genius of Augustus. Streets are designated as "via" followed by the numbers of the blocks that define the street. Thus W18.viaVII- 4/VII-9 indicates the wall between space 18 and the street that runs between VII.4 and VII.9.

General Views

  • Levin-1. Forum. General view from s.
  • Levin-15. Northeastern corner of the forum; from s.
  • Levin-2. Forum. General view from s.e.
  • Levin-3. Forum. General view of northern half of forum; from. s.
  • Levin-4. Forum. General view to north from with the Porticus of Popidius.
  • Levin- 18. Detail of pavement between the Temple of Jupiter and the Macellum.
  • Levin-5. Forum. General view from n.; from atop the podium of the Temple of Jupiter.
  • Levin- 6. Forum. General view from s.w.
  • Levin-20. Northeast Arch; from n; slightly diffrent from no. 19
  • Levin- 7. Forum. General view from n.w.; from atop the podium of the Temple of Jupiter
  • Levin- 8. Forum. General view from n.w.
  • Levin- 22. Via del foro; general view from s.
  • Levin- 9. Forum. General view of northern half of eastern side; from s.w.
  • Levin-10. E astern forum portico from Eumachia Building northward; from s.
  • Levin-24. Northwestern corner of forum; from s.e.
  • Levin-11. Eastern forum portico from Eumachia Building northward; from s.
  • Levin-25. Basilica, including part of forum portico; from e.
  • Levin-12. Eastern forum portico from Sanctuary of the Genius of Augustus northward; from s.; view includes northeast arch and Temple of Jupiter
  • Levin-13. Eastern forum portico from Imperial Cult Building northward, from s.; view includes entire northeastern corner of the forum.
  • Levin-27. Basilica, interior; from s.e.
  • Levin-14. Northeastern corner of forum; from s.s.w.
  • Levin-28. Basilica, interior; from s.w.

Eumachia Building: Facade

Numbered Plan of Eumachia Building Facade

  • Levin-29. Eumachia Building; (entire facade); from w.
  • Levin-33. Eumachia Building; (193-195); from w.
  • Levin-30. Eumachia Building; (193, 194); from s.w.
  • Levin-34. Eumachia Building; (195, 204); from w.
  • Levin-31. Eumachia Building; (193 detail); from s.w.
  • Levin-35. Eumachia Building; (196); from w.
  • Levin-32. E umachia Building; (193); from s. (i.e., from within 194)
  • Levin-36. Eumachia Building; (196-198); from w

Eumachia Building: Exterior - South Side

Numbered Plan of Eumachia Building

The following details ( s. side) run west to east
  • Levin-37. Eumachia Building; (entire s. side); from s.w.
  • Levin-44. Eumachia Building; (s. side, detail 7); from s.
  • Levin-38. Eumachia Building; (s. side, detail 1); from s.
  • Levin-45. Eumachia Building; (s. side, detail 8); from s.
  • Levin-39. Eumachia Building; (s. side, detail 2); from s.
  • Levin-46. Eumachia Building; (s. side, detail 9 with view into 223, 222); from s.
  • Levin-40. Eumachia Building; (s. side, detail 3); from s.
  • Levin-47. Eumachia Building; (223); from s.
  • Levin-41. Eumachia Building; (s. side, detail 4); from s.
  • Levin-48. Eumachia Building; (223, w. wall); from e.
  • Levin-42. Eumachia Building; (s. side, detail 5); from s.
  • Levin-49. Eumachia Building; (dedicatory inscription); from s.
  • Levin-43. Eumachia Building; (s. side, detail 6); from s.
  • Levin-50. Eumachia Building; (entire s. side); from s.e.

Eumachia Building: Exterior - East Side

  • Levin-51. Eumachia Building; (almost entire e. side); from s.e.
  • Levin-55. Eumachia Building; (e. side, detail 4; detail of no. 54); from e.
  • Levin-52. Eumachia Building; (e. side, detail 1); from e.
  • Levin-56. Eumachia Building; (entire e. side); from n.e.
  • Levin-53. Eumachia Building; (e. side, detail 2); from e.
  • Levin-57. Eumachia Building; (n.e. corner and associated intersection); from e.
  • Levin-54. Eumachia Building; (e. side, detail 3); from s.s.e.

Eumachia Building: Exterior - North Side

  • Levin-58. Eumachia Building; (n.e. corner and north side); from n.e.
  • Levin-60. Eumachia Building; (191, west end); from e.
  • Levin-59. Eumachia Building; (n. side); from n.e.

Eumachia Building: Interior

Numbered Plan of Eumachia Building

  • Levin-61. Eumachia Building; (general view of west end); from e.
  • Levin-69. Eumachia Building; (209, part of 213); from w.
  • Levin-62. Eumachia Building; (D[door]212.221); from n.n.e.
  • Levin-70. Eumachia Building; (210); from w.
  • Levin-63. Eumachia Building; (D[door]212.221); from n.
  • Levin-71. Eumachia Building; (210); from s.w.
  • Levin-64. Eumachia Building; (207); from e.


  • Levin-72. Eumachia Building; (east end, distant view); from w.
  • Levin-65. Eumachia Building; (204); from e.
  • Levin-73. Eumachia Building; (east end, closer view); from w.
  • Levin-66. Eumachia Building; (area n. of 204); from e.
  • Levin-74. Eumachia Building; (east end: 214, 215); from w.
  • Levin-67. Eumachia Building; (206); from e.
  • Levin-75. Eumachia Building; (215); from w.
  • Levin-68. Eumachia Building; (D209.208); from s.
  • Levin-76. Eumachia Building; (east end, including 217); from s.w.

The labelling is incomplete on the next series of photographs from the Eumachia interior.

  • Levin-77. Eumachia Building; 213, 209; fr. s.e.
  • Levin-82. Eumachia Building; 208; plaster on w208.209; fr. n.
  • Levin-78. Eumachia Building; 213, 218; fr. n.; entablature blocks in 218.
  • Levin-83. Eumachia Building; 208, D208.209; 213 and 218 in background; fr. nw.
  • Levin-79. Eumachia Building; 218; fr. n.w. remains of tufa stylobate in foreground; two architrave blocks at 1. in 218; wall w218. 221 preserves marble base moulding and marble sills for window that connected 218 and 221.
  • Levin-84. Eumachia Building; D208.209; 212 and D212.221 in background.
  • Levin-80. Eumachia Building; 218; detail of area seen in no. 79; fr. n.
  • Levin-85. Eumachia Building; 208, west end; D20800.209 at l.; fr. e.
  • Levin-86. Eumachia Building; 208, west end; D20800.209 at l.; fr. ese.

Captions for the following images must still be supplied. This project will probably not be completed until late 1997.

  • Levin-87. 208, west end; D20800.209 at l.; fr. ene.
  • Levin-88. 208, west end; fr. ese.
  • Levin-89. 208, east end; fr. w.
  • Levin-90. 208, northeast corner; fr. sw.
  • Levin-91. 208, east end at junction with 216; fr. ne.
  • Levin-92. 216, 208; fr. ne. This, photo 91, and others in this group show the good preservation of features in this corner, including the small tufa block construction of the corner and of the window frames; marble window sills; marble pilaster base; and wall plaster.
  • Levin-93. Northwest corner of 216, close-up (or, exterior n.e. corner of 211) with full length of 208 at r.; fr. e. The photograph reveals that this corner is no longer plumb and that a long vertical crack runs through the corner. Another earth tremor may cause this corner to fail.
  • Levin-94. 216, central part (w. side), showing the rear of apse 215 and one of the windows that communicates with 211; fr. ne.
  • Levin-95. 217; fr. nw. Plaster cast of statue of Eumachia with the inscription EVMACHIAE L. F./SACERD PVBL/FVLLONES.
  • Levin-96. 216, south end at juncture with 221; fr. se.
  • Levin-97. 221 (full length), 216 (south end) fr. se. Also the full length of w221.218, and in the background the entire western end of the building.
  • Levin-98. 211, northeast corner; fr. sw. This corner appears to preserve in situ part of the original wall and window construction, a marble sill, and extensive patches of plaster—now devoid of color. In the fal of 1993 when the grass and sod were being dug up to prepare for the placement of the gravel seen in these photographs pieces of finely painted plaster (red, yellow, white, green) were turned up by the workers just beyond this space at the junction of 208/216 (Observed by John Dobbins, October 1993).
  • Levin-99. 211, southwestern section; fr. ne. Window F211.210 at right.
  • Levin-100. 220, northern half; fr. s. Window F220.214 at l.
  • Levin-101. 220, western wall with windows F220.219 and F220.214; fr. e.
  • Levin-102.
  • Levin-103.
  • Levin-104.
  • Levin-105.
  • Levin-106.
  • Levin-107.
  • Levin-108.
  • Levin-109.
  • Levin-110.
  • Levin-111.
  • Levin-112.
  • Levin-113.
  • Levin-114.
  • Levin-115.
  • Levin-116.